External finishing works: necessary materials

External finishing works: necessary materials

07.16.2019 Construction technology

Decorative stone, brick, linen or paint - what to choose for the outer decoration of a wooden house? Secrets of successful construction from WonderWood.

 

    Although the tree itself is a self-sufficient material, sometimes it is necessary to change its color, or to protect the house from negative natural influences.

 

    Why use external decoration?

    Wooden houses have good performance. For the most part, external facing works are carried out with the aim of:

  • protection of the dwelling from natural influences (wind, frost, rain and snow);
  • reinforcement of heat and sound insulation;
  • protection of wood from mechanical damage (cracks, dents);
  • prevent the development of fungal lesions;
  • protection from pests and molds.
  • providing a home expressiveness and individuality;
  • fire fighting.

 

    Materials for external facing

    The most common materials for outdoor work are made of stone, wood and plastic.

 

    Linen

    The linen is narrow, well-treated board made of natural wood. The advantages of this material are in its ease, which makes it possible to save on strengthening the foundation, naturalness (absence of toxic substances in the composition), moisture resistance (cladding does not accumulate moisture), heat and noise isolation, resistance to atmospheric phenomena. Among the disadvantages is increased fireiness, the presence of industrial defects and insecurity against pests. Accordingly, in order to correct defects, lining is treated with special antiseptics, but then it loses its main advantage - environmental friendliness.

    The modern variety of linings - block house. It has a convex structure simulating a cylindrical log. But the advantages and disadvantages, despite the present, remain the same.

 

    Brick

    This decorative element is used only when it is necessary to increase the strength and strengthen the stiffness of the wall structure. This, as a rule, relates to old houses that are trying to save themselves from total destruction. The main drawback of this material is its weight, which requires additional reinforcement of the foundation, and, consequently, greater financial costs.

 

    Decorative stone (ceramic granite and clinker)

    Ceramic granite is one of the most expensive ways of decorating the outside of the house. It is bought by large plates that make it possible to make the building more reliable.

    Clinker - a special tile, which is made by extrusion with further firing at 1250 ° C. The clinker tile is characterized by moisture resistance, as the technological dipping gives the tiles a virtually vitreous structure with water-repellent properties.

 

    Siding

    Panels for lining, which on one side have a perforated edge for mounting to the frame in the construction, on the other - a loophole with a slight protrusion to cover the fasteners of the lower elements. Wooden panels of this type are light and resistant to various deformations, but their main disadvantage is insecurity against moisture. Vinyl siding is another variety. It is represented by PVC panels (polyvinyl chloride) of porous structure, which are used as an independent heat insulator due to low thermal conductivity. The easiest installation has a metal siding, which, moreover, is the most robust. The only nuance, over time, metal can rust if it is not regularly treated with anticorrosive drugs. Fiber cement panels - a mixture of polymer fibers and cement. Capable of reducing the risk of fire by almost 70%.

 

    Paint

    Wall painting is the most popular and, in fact, the most cost-effective way of facing the facade. Among its advantages are protection against atmospheric phenomena, resistance to pests, safety. The lifetime of a good paint is 5-7 years.

    There are four types of paint coatings:

  1. Butterfly Must necessarily require dilution with drying oil (linen or hemp oil). Such paints dry out for a long time and have an unpleasant smell.
  2. Acrylic Quickly dry and well absorbed into the surface, do not react to ultraviolet, vapor permeable and environmentally safe.
  3. Alcid Do not have a strong odor. Their composition includes special moisture-repellent elements (resins). They are glossy and matte.
  4. Silicone In addition, increases the mechanical resistance of the painted surface.

    An important nuance! Choosing a paint from a foreign manufacturer should take into account climatic conditions. For example, in Spain there are no severe frosts, so their paints are not adapted to the Ukrainian climate. So, for our region, paint is best suited for Finland.

    Also, when painting should take into account weather conditions. If the paint dries too fast (a hot summer day, it can crack), and in severe frosts - on the contrary, it's bad to stick to the surface, which is painted.

    So, when choosing materials for outdoor work, consider the possibility of additional costs (if scaffolding is required, such as for the installation of decorative panels or linings) and climatic conditions.